Robots That Jump

Robot Bodies Needed Before Robot Minds

A Robot that “Crabs”

A fascinating robot out of Google’s Project X, via Schaft, which created some interesting robots in the past. Here, humanoid gait is abandoned for a largely vertical motion of legs

Alphabet’s secretive Schaft Inc. shows off new bipedal robot in Tokyo

And here’s the video:

Seeing the robot on the beach shows that biomimcry may be at work – of crustaceans instead of humans. Compare the robot on the beach about 2:20 into the above video to crab movement:

It also moves a lot like the robots in the classic SF Movie Silent Running

Advertisements

Why don’t robots work? The world is to blame!

An interesting article from Robotics Trends on the problems which will keep self-driving cars off the road for many years, despite the hype that their arrival is “just around the corner”

“Crappy US Roads Major Roadblock for Self-Driving Cars?”

http://www.roboticstrends.com/article/crappy_us_roads_major_roadblock_for_self_driving_cars

Telling quote:

Poor lane markings and uneven signage on the three million miles of paved roads in the US are forcing automakers to develop more sophisticated sensors and maps.

In other words, the reason we don’t have robots is that the world isn’t up to snuff. It’s not that robots just aren’t smart enough to navigate the real world. Fix the world (by making everyone paint high-resolution lane markers) and robots can continue their expected takeover.

Now, imagine if we applied this to wheeled robots. Humanoid robots aren’t practical at present, as demonstrated by recent DARPA challenges. They blow up in complex environments with poorly marked walk regions and stairs. Is the solution to rip out all building stairs and clearly paint lines on the floor the robots can follow? Or, should people all move around in wheelchairs, so they move in the same way robots do? Does this fix the problem?

What this kind of reasoning tells us (which the article isn’t guilty of, btw) is that a passion for having robots around requires we don’t make smart robots. Rather, we re-engineer reality so that robots can understand it. This will allow “machine intelligence”.

In fact, changing highways everywhere would be so massively expensive and time-consuming that it won’t happen. Period. Self-driving cars will be practical only when they can navigate current roads.

The real story was relayed to Congress via Mary Cummings, the head of Duke University’s robotics program. A good podcast here:

http://www.roboticstrends.com/article/missy_cummings_self_driving_cars_need_to_happen

In other words, the real headline should be

“Crappy Robots Can’t Navigate Ordinary US Roads”

Google Dumps Humanoid Robots

Apparently, Alphabet, Google’s Parent company, is planning to sell Boston Dynamics. This is the company that has been building humanoid and animal-style robots for several years.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-03-17/google-is-said-to-put-boston-dynamics-robotics-unit-up-for-sale

 

Video at:
http://www.bloomberg.com/api/embed/iframe?id=Cgw5dS3pSoKJmEozujy0~w

 

Interesting, this came right after videos were posted showing the BD humanoid robot stumbling through the woods like a blind man.

Why dump now, after this “triumph” – the reason is that Alphabet/Google is waking up to the very long time it will take to create useful robots – humanoid, animal, or even self-driving cars.

A great analysis here of the over-hyper in robotics:

http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/224965-the-sale-of-boston-dynamics-shows-alphabet-is-waking-up-to-reality

In short, Alphabet wants to fund “moon shot” projects – but only if they can produce something useful in the next 5-7 years. Apparently, Google decided that the humanoid robots won’t be useful for more than ten years – in other words, they have no realistic way of generating anything practical for decades.

The military, which was funding the “dog-bots” in a wave of earlier viral videos, agrees, and recently shelved the “big dog” project. The reason? They are way too noisy. You can’t get enough battery into a robot to run it for more than a few minutes, and gasoline engines (which let it run for hours) will let everyone in 20 miles know you’re using a dog-bot.


http://www.theverge.com/2015/12/29/10682746/boston-dynamics-big-dog-ls3-marines-development-shelved

This is a great example of fantasy vs. reality in robotics. The videos distributed by Boston Dynamics repeatedly imply that robots are “just around the corner” and spur the predictable, incredibly boring discussion about whether we should give robots rights, will they revolt, etc…ag. But they are puppet shows.

Anyone watching the videos should realize that these are tele-operated devices, not autonomous robots. In addition, their power supplies are typically incredibly dirty and noisy gasoline engines. There’s no practical use for such devices at present. People make almost no noise doing the same tasks, and are vastly more energy efficient.

The next to go: self-driving cars. There’s no way self-driving cars will be let onto public streets for many years. Safety boards will want exhaustive tests, far more than given to human drivers, and even very small fail rates will be a cause for swiftly banning the cars. In contrast, things like parallel parking are already present. That’s because they work.

While the work by Boston Dynamics has been incredible – compare their robots to those developed at various colleges and universities – it has become clear that making Robots That Jump is an incredibly hard challenge. The real “equity value” of Boston Dynamics is religion – people need something to believe in in a techo-utopian fantasy, and the imminent arrival of practical robots is part of that belief system. Even the supposed “fear” of robots taking over is part of that – most religions have a “end times” story to thrill the faithful.

Let’s admit that we want humanoid robots because we want them to exist, not because they are practical or even possible.

 

Most Advanced Robot on Earth Tries to Vacuum

The Verge is more honest about robotic tech than most tech magazines, and this gem is no exception.

http://www.theverge.com/2016/1/15/10777066/atlas-humanoid-robot-household-chores-video-roomba

The Roomba is a great example of a robot with appropriate tech for what it does. Relatively inexpensive, with limited programming and abbreviated sensors, it is a standard engineered robot.

However, it is not general-purpose – and the Atlas above strives to be so.

In my opinion, the problem is that the Atlas is too Roomba. It can do tasks, but in the video you can see the effort trying to deal with the vacuum. Why is that? It is because the Atlas, like the Roomba, is not sensor-dense. It (in all probability) can’t parse the noise of the vacuum to know if it is doing the job. A person, or even an animal trained to vacuum, would do so. For Robots That Jump, “sensor-dense” is the way to go. It runs contrary to the optimization ethic of many engineers – but the messy, sensor-dense approach that animals make is the one that lets them vacuum better than a Roomba. Think starfish instead of mammal.

This Robot is NOT “Giving a TED Talk!”

What a bunch of dumbass.

Robot “Gives a TED Talk”

Screen Shot 2015-11-13 at 7.45.33 AM

Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iWD1GaXkxgM

This robot is not giving a speech. A human is giving a speech, and operating an electrical puppet in order to present themselves as something other than human.

While the tech itself might have some uses (e.g. deep-sea tele-operation) we already have LOTS of tele-operated devices.

And, we have had puppets speak for us for a LOOONGGGG TIME…

Punch-Judy-Puppet-631.jpg__800x600_q85_crop

Source: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/are-punch-and-judy-shows-finally-outdated-10599519/?no-ist

Now. Punch is more interesting to watch than the droning robot above, and in addition, conveys nuances of emotion lacking in the floppy arms of the robot. However, both Punch and talking robots are both injecting nasty messages. In the case of Punch, it is domestic violence, and (as we see) disrespect for authority. In the case of Robot, it is the illusion that there is a robot that could give a Ted talk.

There is nothing like this. Even Watson, IBM’s system that comes closest to being an actual artificial intelligence, could not create, much less present a “talk.”

So, what do we have. In Punch, the creators encourage us to laugh at somebody gettin’ a beatin.’ In the case of Robo-puppet, we have someone encouraging us to believe the live of intelligent robots “ready to take over.” Sheesh.

Robots that Jump, Instead of Robots that Pretend to Think

A string of articles in the media about teaching robots by knocking them over:

http://www.technologyreview.com/news/542481/an-algorithm-helps-robots-fall-safely/

http://www.cnet.com/news/teaching-a-robot-to-fall-over-without-making-a-fool-of-itself/

The key problem has been engineers misunderstanding the problem of walking. In a typical engineering style, the participants at the DARPA Humanoid Challenge emphasized keeping their robots upright. They expect that if the right algorithm is created, the robot will be able to stand upright. The problem, for them, is standing upright.

But in nature, this is NOT the problem solved by agile animals. Instead, they are trying not to fall down and damage themselves. The goal is a higher level. Animal is actually trying to survive. Survival may require walking or running, but that is secondary.

In particular, not being damaged, and trying to break your fall if your (sic) perfect algorithm fails is what animals do. Compared to designed robots, animals always have a plan B, C, D…

So, it might even be that the robots could end up walking with better balance than humans someday. That’s their goal. But that doesn’t solve the problem of an agile robot. The problem is getting from here to there and not getting damaged. A person ultimately might be more clumsy on their feet than a future robot, but unless the engineers change their goals, the person will do better, since it is also adapted to fall down gracefully, walk funny if requested, even crawl if that works better. These are not “fails” but part of the locomotion process.

Engineers have to get away from thinking that falling down is a failure of their algorithm.

As might be expected, the Falling Down work was done at Georgia Tech, known for its ongoing interest in Robots That Jump versus Robots that (sic) Think.

This work is coupled with a story about Honda. The company wants to make a version of its Asimo robot that is agile (instead of a big electric puppet) that can climb stairs and crawl. Now, Honda has a pretty interesting show-robot with about 15 years of experience now. However, I wonder if they are seeing the problem correctly, and will include “falling down” as an active engineering goal, rather than one to be avoided by their algorithm.

https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/216188-honda-designing-new-asimo-style-robot-for-disaster-response

This is good, since to date the Asimo has been a marketing tool rather than a truly agile robot.  Despite its friendly shows, it was useless when disaster struck a few years back, and a robot able to walk, fall down, and get up again in the tangled wreckage of a nuclear plant would have been great.

Finally, as a bit of a counter-trend, a report that people want “flawed” robots.

http://www.techtimes.com/articles/95172/20151015/people-prefer-robots-that-are-flawed-just-as-they-are-study.htm

This is dumb. It is sad to see journalists regurgitate this stuff without applying the critical thinking they supposedly learned in school!

The idea here – quite wrong – is that robots will act perfectly, and have to be “broken” somewhat to be acceptable to humans. This is nonsense. The problem is the pointy-headed, beard-scratching engineers who defined what “perfect” behavior was in the first place.

Who put them in charge? The following quote from the Tech Times article above is telling…

At the first part of the interaction, the robots showed off their flawless capabilities. Afterwards, Erwin committed errors in remembering facts, while Keepon exhibited extreme sadness, happiness and other emotions through sounds and physical movements.

The result was that the respondents preferred it when the robots seemed to possess human-like characteristics such as making mistakes and showing emotions. Researchers concluded that a companion robot should be friendly and empathic in a way that they recognize users’ needs and emotions, and then act accordingly.

In fact, the problem is not that the robot was too perfect. Instead, the robot has no understanding of its social context. It acted incorrectly for the situation. Leave it to an engineer to see autistic-level social ignorance as perfection! The research then faked things by breaking their robot. It made the people sympathetic, but didn’t actually improve the conversation.

It is more like trying to get people to accept phony robot minds by creating pity for them.

What is interesting is that this IS a change from the other “big idea” that roboticists have had – if robots can’t carry on human interactions, make people become more machinelike so robots can understand them. If robots can’t recognize people, wear a tag with code it can access. If it can’t talk, have people say only certain things. If it can’t walk (typical of many robots) have people carry it through areas require walking.

All over the world, you can see the trend caused by the failure of Artificial Intelligence – make people act more like machines so machines can understand them. If we broaden the definition of robot to ‘bot, as is often done, we can see this in action.

For example, web pages have to have lots of extra code added (“called Search Engine Optimization or SEO) for the search engine spiders to read. This is because no machine can actually read a web page intelligently, much less figure out if two people in a picture are wearing regular clothes, or actors wearing costumes in a play. So, if we are “writing for the web” we must actually write for people, then turn around and write for machines. Otherwise we have a lousy score in Google. Now, if we would only communicate in a way that machines could understand…that would be “perfect.”

So, the article about making robots flawed is actually about creating the right kinds of “trick” to make people accept already flawed robots. Clearly, according to this, a robot that acts like the one in the Tech Times article is NOT behaving perfectly. It doesn’t understand the environment it is in, since the social environment that humans create with their brains is too complex for it. It talks in a stupid way, which is redefined by engineers as the Platonic, “perfect” way to relate. It does not have any sort of ideal or perfect intelligence.

This goes to the deepest problem with many robot designers. They think they can create a being superior to humans, which in turn is defined as a collection of “ideal” behaviors they’ve cobbled from half-remembered liberal studies courses. All the science fiction they read imagined robots as superintelligent, superstrong godlike beings. Therefore, they try to make robots that walk “perfectly.” If that fails, they re-declare human behavior as “flawed” and “break” their robot so people feel enough pity for them to interact.

Here’s a great example. An engineer would see a flaw in the image below. A graphic designer would see a clever idea:

ordianry

But here is a real mistake, that probably cost someone their job.

get_buy_one

Is there any “intelligent” robot assistant that could tell the difference? Nope. Their apparent math-style “perfection” is actually a deep, deep flaw. Trying to “trick” people into accepting such an inferior intelligence by having it “fumble” to create human pity is immoral.

For thez guyz trying to create the perfect robots of imagination, people are the problem, and the “beautiful mind” robot has to be dumbed down to relate to mere mortals. This attitude has to change, or Robots will Never Jump.

I’ll take a bunch of dumb-bunny robots falling over for real – not “faking” it – any day. It is an honest, rather than a sneaky flaw. That is REAL imperfection, not the phony kind. At least our laughter at the comic robots at DARPA is genuine.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g0TaYhjpOfo

 

 

Dumb Robots try to (Really) Walk

The recent “robots falling down” videos from the DARPA Humanoid challenge are fun to watch, especially since I fell myself last week and managed to sprain a wrist. Compared to the old “Asimo climbs stairs” videos, there has been some progress (though, alas not as much as most people think) in making functional humanoids. Unlike the stage shows for the Japanese robots, these machines are trying to function in a more natural environment.

Oopsie for the Hubo!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VwfR6OVrnNg

Ouch! Fortunately, these robots don’t have a lot of sensors, so taking a fall isn’t so bad for them:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g0TaYhjpOfo

Strangely, these machines seem most real when they are “unconscious” and being carried away in a stretcher – for once they don’t seem “mechanical.”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_gvWUgsRxs

As usual, the results (which are interesting, but very far from useful) are hyped relentlessly:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zNknrYJaef8

Human-Level Intelligence? I’d hate to meet this moron.

Considering the sidebar of “related videos” on YouTube, the public’s imagination has already jumped ahead to robot sex slaves. But…if they are soooo clumsy at walking, what will they be like in bed?  Ouch, get that metal limb out of my face!

Wired says not to laugh at these robots. Well, well, I am laughing!

http://www.wired.com/2015/06/stop-laughing-clumsy-humanoid-robots/

Any robot that was truly intelligent would laugh as well.

 

Google’s Robodog – False Fear

Google has been showing off a lighter version of BigDog, the robotic beast created by Boston Dynamics (before it was purchased by Google). A great video showing the new dog (electrical) compared with the old dog (reving gasoline engine and quite loud).

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M8YjvHYbZ9w

The lame part is the wrapper pages on various news organizations

“Robo-Dog” brings us one step closer to the end of humanity (Time)

http://time.com/3703243/google-boston-dynamics-robot-dog/

Robo-Dog too real for comfort (Mashable)

http://mashable.com/2015/02/09/boston-dynamics-spot-robot/

Haunts our dreams (Engadget)

http://www.engadget.com/2015/02/10/boston-dynamics-spot-kick-the-dog/

Geez, even the UK Tabloids do a better job of reporting this. Daily Mail UK provides a much better discussion, including an analysis of the military uses (which is what is driving the project, after all)

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2946682/Here-Spot-Google-reveals-smaller-version-robo-dog-walk-trot-climb-steps-KICKED.html

These examples clearly show the difference between “old media” professional reporting (even scandal sheets) and the amateurish new media blogosphere. The old-school reporters give us the information with analysis, while the new-era can only pretend to be “afraid.” Unfortunately, Time mag online has joined the new era in is silly statements.

I say “pretend” because all these tech blogs are actually huge fans of robots. “We should be afraid” are actually code words for “dig in, it’s awesome.” If there was actually a robot takeover on the horizon, these blogs would welcome it while pretending to be fearful.

This is the exact attitude we saw in the original Jurassic Park movie. After a stern lecture on the dangers of technology, the rest of the movie glorifies the result – DINOSAURS. Same thing here. All these blogs do is religion. They say a false prayer to “thou shalt not tamper with Nature” before digging into the glutton feast of robot fun.

It’s interesting to imagine this as an actual religion, complete with rituals. Worship of robots involves a short kneel-down to become humble and “fearful before the Lord,” in this case the machine-gods that the coming Last Days (Singularity) are supposed to unleash. It is touching to see people clutching their smartophones and tablets like Rosary beads, watching the spectacle at the altar (screen) and raising their voices in fearful prayer to a robot dog.

Future generations will marvel at this stupidity.

Occulus Concepts – 1939 and 2014

Here’s a current image of the virtual reality system by Occulus

 

OculusRift1

 

Here’s a concept model for a similar system from 1939.

 

4265173624_8fc5ce0c10_o

https://www.flickr.com/photos/x-ray_delta_one/4265173624/in/set-72157622025425232/

Probably, there are no cathode ray tubes small enough in 1939 to create a mini-3d TV system…but we can dream of someday….tech changes, but ideas (like personal “full vision” media experiences) remain more constant.

Atlas Shows Greater Agility

The move to more agile robots continues, and more importantly, the belief that a useful and/or “intelligent” robot must be agile.

Somewhat crazed reporting by the normally sober Daily Mail (UK)

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2829213/The-robo-karate-kid-Terrifying-two-legged-giant-robot-developed-Google-learns-stand-one-leg-recreates-scene-cult-film.html

The numbers begin to look right for Atlas (DARPA/Boston Dynamics) – 28 joint, hydraulics instead of electric motors (hopeless for natural joint movement). The robot needs a tether (it can’t run on internal power), but its software (Florida Institute for Human and Machine Interaction) is geared to agile motion rather than engineer-style motions.

The Daily Mail article even makes the agility connection, which is unusual. Most media coverage of robots assumes superhuman strength and motion, and focuses on the (apparently) evil minds of our “future overlords.” Instead, the articles show a link to a karate contest, which, like a plyojump, is an impossible thing for all robots to date to perform. Most stories about robots try to imagine the dark thoughts in their (nonexistent) brains. In contrast, Atlas is touted as being able to get into a car and drive it.

Despite this inchwise progress, we are still mostly stuck in the robot fantasy vs. reality. The robot is called a “he,” despite is lack of genitals and ability to reproduce. And (sigh) we are supposed to be scared of this “terrifying” robot, which looks like a bunch of picnic baskets welded together. I doubt that Atlas could win a karate match, or triumph over a 6 year old with determined fists. The tech-religion aspect of robotics continues, despite moves to the contrary…